The core competence of ARENA-INNOVATION is structured around three innovation pillars dedicated to Energy, Transportation and Telecommunications Systems. Overarching projects integrating all three technologies and a cluster of cross-cutting activities complement these three pillars.
Innovative technologies have been recognised for their role in changing energy systems. The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) identifies eight sets of technologies with a role to play in a future sustainable European energy system. Fuel cell and hydrogen technologies represent one of these, as shown in below:
Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) technologies are in a unique position in that they can be used in both energy and transportation systems and, through the use of green hydrogen as a fuel, can provide zero-emission solutions to a range of challenges. Moreover, hydrogen provides a means of short- and longer-term energy storage, thereby allowing for flexibility in the time and geographical shift of energy production and use. As an energy vector, hydrogen also enables the shift of energy from one sector, such as power production, to other sectors, notably transportation fuels. These features of FCH make them complementary to the other technologies, for instance by providing a bridge for intermittent renewable sources, such as wind and solar, and various end-uses.